Introduction to American Government and Politics
Final Exam Review
What are the most important reasons why the Congress has such high re-election rates? How did gerrymandering work? What are the issues involved today in drawing districts so as to ensure representation for minority groups? What has the Supreme Court said on this subject?
What rights are guaranteed by the 4th Amendment to the Constitution? Define the “exclusionary rule.” Why do some see it as necessary to protect our 4th Amendment rights? What are the criticisms of the exclusionary rule? How has it been weakened recently? Give examples.
What is the difference between the ‘free exercise’ clause of the First Amendment and the ‘establishment’ clause? How do they guarantee different rights? How might they conflict with each other? What is the difference between the “clear and present danger” test and the “incitement” standard? Explain the context and details.
How many votes in the Electoral College does each state receive? If no candidate has a majority of the Electoral College, what happens? How is it possible for a candidate to have fewer popular votes than another candidate but still win the presidency? Explain.
Discuss the origins of federalism in the U.S. Why was a federal system instituted? What were the problems with the previous system? How has federalism changed in the US over time? Give examples.
7. According to Simon, how did Obama’s campaign understand better some of the key rules of getting the Democratic nomination?
8. According to Hofstadter, what is the difference between the “historical” paranoid style of politics and what he terms the “modern right wing.” Give examples from that week’s readings and videos in order to demonstrate the differences.